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Peter and Paul fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress is the first building constructed in the city of St.Petersburg . The Fortress was founded to protect the area from Swedish navy on a small island in the Neva delta on May 27, 1703 and that day became the birthday of the city of St.Petersburg.
In the middle of the fortress stands the impressive Peter and Paul Cathedral, the burial place of all the Russian Emperors and Empresses from Peter the Great to Alexander III. The Cathedral was the first church in the city to be built of stone and its design is curiously unusual for a Russian Orthodox church. On top of the cathedrals' gilded spire stands a magnificent golden angel holding a cross. This weathervane is one of the most prominent symbols of St. Petersburg, and at 404 feet tall, the cathedral is the highest building in the city.
Other buildings in the fortress include the City History Museum and the Mint, one of only two places in Russia where coins and medals are minted.The Peter and Paul Fortress is one of the most popular sites of St. Petersburg with a number of permanent and temporary exhibitions charting the various aspects of the compound's past. While the central visitor attraction is undoubtedly the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral, one of St. Petersburg's most striking buildings, there is plenty within the walls of the fortress to keep children and adults occupied for a full day at least.
The Peter and Paul Fortress is also the centre of a number of St. Petersburg urban traditions, among them the daily firing of the cannon from the Naryshkin Bastion at noon and the "walruses", who use the beach in front of the fortress to sunbathe and swim in ice-holes in the winter. In the summer, the beach is a popular picnic site and is also used to host a variety of events, festivals and concerts, including the respected Petrojazz annual festival.
Today the fortress is one of St. Petersburg's major tourist attractions and has become the emblem of the city. It is also home to the headquarters of the St. Petersburg City History Museum, which displays collections throughout the fortress complex.
The tour to the Peter and Paul Fortress is included into City tour and takes 30-40 minutes. If you can see the fortress in a full amount please book the Peter and Paul Fortress tour. In this case the time of the tour is about 2-3 hours. You can visit the former prison for political convicts, visit the Grand Ducal Mausoleum to see the burials of the Grand Dukes and the exhibition devoted to the history of the Romanovs family, have a walk around the territory of the Fortress to see the Boat House, The Mint, the Monument to Peter the Great, the Neva gate, have a walk along the rampart of the Fortress to view a magnificent panorama of the Neva River and take pictures of the beautiful architectural ensemble of the Neva embankment.